Thursday, 13 July 2017

4 Signs of Thyroid cancer every woman should be on the alert for

Thyroid cancer in women
Image: Youtube                                                                                            
Thyroid cancer has a higher predominance in women and currently the rate of occurrence has alarmingly increased as the number of people suffering from it, has doubled since the 1970s.

According to Ilya Likhterov, MD, assistant professor of Otolaryngology at Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai in New York. "While it's true that thyroid cancer diagnoses are on the rise, we're usually talking about papillary thyroid cancer, which is the least aggressive type."

Likthterov also went further to explain that rise in diagnosis of the disease does not mean that more people are suffering from the disease rather that doctors are being smart enough to detect it, due to the many scans people undergo for other unrelated health problems. 

When it comes to detecting thyroid cancer, there are 4 major symptoms that you should look out for in your body. They include;

The presence of Lump in your neck.

4 signs of thyroid cancer
The location of the thyroid gland is in the front of your neck. If you notice a bump in your neck, that doesn't go off for a couple of weeks, you need to see your doctor. "If thyroid cancer has already spread to the nearby lymph nodes, the mass might be on side of the neck where the lymph nodes are instead of in the front where the thyroid gland is."

Voice changes

                                                                                                                                       4 signs of thyroid cancer  

"Changes to the thyroid gland can make you voice chronically hoarse if your voice box sits right on top of your thyroid,'' says Likhterov.

Trouble swallowing

                        4 signs of thyroid cancer
The growth of a mass on your thyroid gland can obstruct your ability to swallow.  If you have trouble swallowing for more than a couple of weeks, have it checked out by a medical professional.

Difficulty in speaking, eating or breathing

                        4 signs of thyroid cancer 

Inability to eat, speak or breath properly can be a major sign of problems with your Thyroid gland. It's best to see a doctor once you notice the symptom persists longer than a few weeks.

All these symptoms might never occur unless the cancer has become very advanced.

Treatment of Thyroid cancer. 

Treatment of thyroid cancer depends on the size and stage of the tumor. "Some tumors that are less than 1 centimeter-micro-papillary thyroid cancer- can actually be left alone," Says Likhterov. Due to the fact that thyroid tumors are slow to grow, doctors might postpone the treatment and just have the patient go for an ultrasound twice a year.

A larger tumor will be removed immediately, but doctors might have no need to remove all your thyroid as was the case in the past. These days, most patients have only half of their thyroid removed. 

Source: Prevention

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